It can be terrifying to witness someone with epilepsy experiencing a seizure. However, most seizures aren’t life-threatening. They end on their own, with no long-term consequences. Once a seizure begins, there isn’t much you can do to stop it.
However, there are easy precautions you may take to keep someone safe during a seizure. It’s important to know how to do basic first aid and when to contact emergency services.
Symptoms and signs
Seizures can take numerous forms, ranging from staring spells to uncontrollable arm and leg motions. The following are some symptoms that a person is suffering a seizure:
Types of seizures
There are some that are more dangerous than others. There are two major categories:
Seizures with a focal onset begin in a specific area of the brain. Their arm may begin to twitch, or their face may begin to twitch. Even if they are awake and aware, they are unable to stop it. As the seizure develops more complex, they may appear to be zoning out or staring at nothing. They might not remember anything afterwards.
Multiple parts of the brain are involved in generalized seizures. The majority of the time, people are unaware of what is going on. This category includes the most well-known kind, the generalized tonic-clonic seizure, generally known as a grand mal seizure. These are terrifying to witness and can be life-threatening.
They follow a set sequence of events:
Any generalized seizure can be harmful since the person is oblivious to their environment and unable to defend oneself. During a generalized tonic-clonic seizure, the uncontrolled thrashing motions enhance the risk of harm. This category is the most likely to necessitate a trip to the emergency room.
It’s all about taking care when it comes to seizure first aid. It’s more likely that you’ll require it if you’re having a widespread tonic-clonic seizure.
Other people should be kept out of the way.
Milder seizures, such as brief moments of gazing or arm or leg shaking, aren’t considered emergencies. However, you should gently lead the person away from any dangers. They might be in a condition similar to sleepwalking, when they are vulnerable to traffic or stairs. Seizures should be reported to their doctor at all times.
If the person has trouble breathing or waking up after a seizure, or if the seizure lasts more than 5 minutes, call emergency services.
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Understanding what you want
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The personal information we collect
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xii. prevent and detect fraud or other crimes, recover debts or trace those who owe us money;
xiii. provide aggregated reports to third parties (such reports do not contain any information which may identify you as an individual).
k. The information we use will be your approximate location, based on the nearest mobile cell site. As a result, this will change as you move around with your mobile phone.
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Sharing your personal information
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ii. Mondia Media, partners or agents involved in delivering the Services;
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iv. where applicable, credit reference, fraud prevention or business scoring agencies, or other credit scoring agencies;
v. where applicable, debt collection agencies or other debt recovery organisations;
vi. law enforcement agencies, regulatory organisations, courts or other public authorities if we have to, or are authorised to by law;
vii. emergency services (if you make an emergency call), including your approximate location.
n. We will release information if it's reasonable for the purpose of protecting us against fraud, defending our rights or property, or to protect the interests of our customers.
o. If we are reorganised or sold to another organisation, we may transfer any personal information we hold about you to that organisation.
p. We will transfer your information to Mondia Media our service provider. Mondia Media servers are based outside South Africa in Germany where adequate data protection laws exist to protect the privacy and security of your information. We have also signed a contract with Mondia Media with data protection provisions to ensure the security and protection of the privacy of your information.
q. At your option, we may also share your information with partner organisations we've chosen carefully, so they can contact you about their products and services.
Keeping your personal information secure
r. We have specialised security teams who constantly review and improve our measures to protect your personal information from unauthorised access, accidental loss, disclosure or destruction.
s. If we have a contract with another organisation to provide us with services or a service on our behalf to process your personal information, we will make sure they have appropriate security measures and only process your information in the way we've authorised them to. These organisations will not be entitled to use your personal information for their own purposes. If necessary, our security teams will check them to make sure they meet the security requirements we have set.
t. Communications over the internet (such as emails) are not secure unless they have been encrypted. Your communications may go through a number of countries before being delivered – as this is the nature of the internet. We cannot accept responsibility for any unauthorised access or loss of personal information that's beyond our control.
How to opt-out
u. If you want to opt out of Mum & Baby notifications, alerts or messages, you may do so via the relevant prompts through the short code *117*6862# or by visiting https://mumandbaby.vodacom.co.za. You can choose to opt out of partner communications by sending an SMS with STOP to 30881.