The skin condition ichthyosis comes in over 20 different forms. The most common and mildest kind of ichthyosis is called ichthyosis vulgaris.
Ichthyosis vulgaris is characterized by dry, thick, and scaly skin. The disease can start in childhood, usually in the first year of life. The condition can also affect adults.
One in 250–300 people have ichthyosis vulgaris, making it a fairly common condition (male and female, and of all races).
What are the causes?
The most common genetic factor in causing ichthyosis vulgaris is (inherited). However some patients may “acquire” ichthyosis vulgaris as a result of a disease or as a reaction to a medication.
Skin cells generally divide at a regular pace in ichthyosis vulgaris, however they don’t normally separate at the skin’s surface. Also, dead skin cells don’t shed rapidly enough, which leads to scale accumulation.
Children who have ichthyosis vulgaris usually have a gene for the condition inherited from one or both parents. This condition is known as hereditary ichthyosis vulgaris. The gene can be passed from parents to their children without them having the disease. A child that carries the gene for ichthyosis vulgaris has a 50% risk of getting the disease.
A gene mutation (change) occurring in the womb is another potential cause of ichthyosis vulgaris. If this occurs, a vital protein called filaggrin, which helps in the body’s production of the outermost layer of skin and the exfoliation of dead skin cells, is inadequate in the child’s skin.
Whether ichthyosis vulgaris is acquired or inherited, the symptoms are the same.
Ichthyosis vulgaris is easily overlooked since it often looks like normal dry skin with scaly patches. A dermatologist can identify ichthyosis vulgaris by inspecting the skin and separating the condition from other skin conditions if using moisturizer twice day is ineffective.
The doctor may perform a biopsy (removing a small portion of the skin for examination under a microscope). A genetic test could also be recommended by the doctor because the condition is inherited in offspring.
Ichthyosis vulgaris has no known treatment, however patients can get relief from the scaly, dry skin. A doctor could advise you to follow these steps:
When a child with ichthyosis vulgaris enters puberty, the scales may start to fade. With time, the condition often gets better. People with ichthyosis vulgaris often lead normal lives, however they will always need to take care of their skin. Rarely does the condition affect general health.
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Collecting your personal information
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• statistical tracking, redundancy and audit purposes.
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d. We may also collect information about you from other organisations, if this is appropriate. These include fraud-prevention agencies, business directories and credit reference agencies. We may also collect information about you from other companies, our business, or joint venture partners.
Understanding what you want
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The personal information we collect
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ii. your preferences for particular products, services or lifestyle activities when you tell us what they are – or when we assume what they are, depending on how you use our products and services;
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iv. your account information – such as phone number, handset type, handset model,, whether you are a post or prepaid customer, dates of payment owed and received, TopUp information, the subscription services you use or any other information related to your account.
i. We will also get information on how you use our products and services, such as:
i. Where applicable, the phone numbers that you call or send messages to (or the phone numbers that you receive these calls and messages from);
ii. the date, time and length of the calls and messages you send or receive through our network, and your approximate location at the time these communications take place;
iii. the level of service you receive – for example, network faults and other network events which may affect our network services;
iv. your website browsing information (which includes information about the websites you visit, and about how you use our website or other Vodafone Group websites on your mobile or a PC;
v. the date, time and length of your internet browsing, and your approximate location at the time of browsing;
vi. your brand preference, preferred video categories, related preferences (e.g. team choice); and type of services you typically access.
Using your personal information
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vi. bill you for using any additional products or services, or to take the appropriate amount of credit from you;
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ix. protect our network and manage the volume of calls, texts and other use of our network. For example, we identify peak periods of use so we can try and ensure the network can handle the volume at those times
x. understand how you use this Service, our network, products and services. That way, we can develop more interesting and relevant products and services, as well as personalising the products and services we offer you;
xi. carry out research and statistical analysis including to monitor how customers use this Service, our network, products and services on an anonymous or personal basis;
xii. prevent and detect fraud or other crimes, recover debts or trace those who owe us money;
xiii. provide aggregated reports to third parties (such reports do not contain any information which may identify you as an individual).
k. The information we use will be your approximate location, based on the nearest mobile cell site. As a result, this will change as you move around with your mobile phone.
l. We will store your information for as long as we have to by law. If there is no legal requirement, we will only store it for as long as we need it.
Sharing your personal information
m. We may share information about you with:
i. companies in the Vodacom and Vodafone Group (Vodafone Group Plc and any company or other organisation in which Vodacom owns more than 15% of the share capital);
ii. Mondia Media, partners or agents involved in delivering the Services;
iii. companies who are engaged to perform the Service for, on behalf of Vodacom (Pty) Ltd including Mondia Media (Pty) Ltd;
iv. where applicable, credit reference, fraud prevention or business scoring agencies, or other credit scoring agencies;
v. where applicable, debt collection agencies or other debt recovery organisations;
vi. law enforcement agencies, regulatory organisations, courts or other public authorities if we have to, or are authorised to by law;
vii. emergency services (if you make an emergency call), including your approximate location.
n. We will release information if it's reasonable for the purpose of protecting us against fraud, defending our rights or property, or to protect the interests of our customers.
o. If we are reorganised or sold to another organisation, we may transfer any personal information we hold about you to that organisation.
p. We will transfer your information to Mondia Media our service provider. Mondia Media servers are based outside South Africa in Germany where adequate data protection laws exist to protect the privacy and security of your information. We have also signed a contract with Mondia Media with data protection provisions to ensure the security and protection of the privacy of your information.
q. At your option, we may also share your information with partner organisations we've chosen carefully, so they can contact you about their products and services.
Keeping your personal information secure
r. We have specialised security teams who constantly review and improve our measures to protect your personal information from unauthorised access, accidental loss, disclosure or destruction.
s. If we have a contract with another organisation to provide us with services or a service on our behalf to process your personal information, we will make sure they have appropriate security measures and only process your information in the way we've authorised them to. These organisations will not be entitled to use your personal information for their own purposes. If necessary, our security teams will check them to make sure they meet the security requirements we have set.
t. Communications over the internet (such as emails) are not secure unless they have been encrypted. Your communications may go through a number of countries before being delivered – as this is the nature of the internet. We cannot accept responsibility for any unauthorised access or loss of personal information that's beyond our control.
How to opt-out
u. If you want to opt out of Mum & Baby notifications, alerts or messages, you may do so via the relevant prompts through the short code *117*6862# or by visiting https://mumandbaby.vodacom.co.za. You can choose to opt out of partner communications by sending an SMS with STOP to 30881.